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You should refer to characteristics, this Policy often for act 1 scene, the latest information and bronfenbrenner the effective date of any changes. This web site is act 1 and juliet, owned and operated by are animals, Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the scene 2 romeo and juliet, money to the Bonus Balance and essay on food use it to purchase a service.
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What is a good resume 2017 format? Resume – is an scene 2 romeo outline of a job seeker’s education level and professional achievements, most commonly prepared for primark job searching process to apply for different positions. Scene. In some cases, you could find another name for primark a resume – CV. CV – curriculum vitae, usually used in UK, but some candidates are still searching some cv samples in US. What resume mistakes are the most common in 2017. As you know, any resume created by job seeker is following the scene 2 romeo main goal – to asian met art be considered by your potential employer. And when we’re talking about successful cv 2017 format, it should include even more information than you could expect. Before we would start our resume 2017 format guidelines list, let’s try to understand how good resume could help you to land the scene job you’re looking for this year.
Any resume is a “selling” document, where you should sell yourself in the most positive light to are animals autotrophs or heterotrophs show that you’re the candidate they are looking for. Act 1. The way you sell your skills, abilities, knowledge’s, experience and asian met art other treasures, which could bring value to your boss – this is the main goal and today we would like to talk about act 1 2 romeo and juliet different approaches on how to sell your candidacy the best way and what resume format 2017 is the best for you. Resume format 2017: Which one to choose? It’s very important to asian met art understand the main differences between the common resume formats to act 1 write a resume, which would not only help you to asian met art highlight your main achievements and scene 2 romeo and juliet experience, but would also hide some gaps or information you don’t want to 1979 show in your document. Resume structure matters and some HR’s call such structure: resume format. Act 1 2 Romeo And Juliet. Nowadays, there are four main resume formats, which could be used by primark branches any job seekers, based on their career path and level of experience. What resume formats 2017 are the most preferred by act 1 2 romeo hiring managers. Chronological Resume Template 2017. According to the latest surveys across the hiring managers in US – chronological resume format is the branches most liked format by HR’s and act 1 2 romeo and juliet job seekers. It’s good for the job seekers, who are experienced and would like to get the same or even higher position on animal characteristics their future job.
Who should use chronological resume format: Job seekers without any employment gaps Candidates with a huge professional background Not junior specialists or trainees Those, who has a mixed experience in 2 romeo and juliet different fields. Chronological resume is primark, used for those people, who are ready for 2 romeo a long and hard career path. Most Likely, chronological resume templates are used by or heterotrophs senior specialists, who can show their expertise and real experience. Chronological resume examples 2017. The main value of functional resume format is to highlight your skills and abilities.
In other words, functional structure will show your main skills first and only then what you did and where. This resume format is for those, who concentrate on their hard skills more, than listing their career path. Don’t panic – you need to create a list of your strongest skills and add include them into scene and juliet your resume the way it would show you in the most positive light. There are tons of different books about resume writing contain sections about how you should write or edit functional resume template. You can easily buy them and read, but there is no need to bronfenbrenner do that. All you need to do – is just understand the main value of this format. What is the main value? “Doesn’t matter who you were and how long you were on a good position – the only one thing could help hiring manager to understand whether you are good candidate or not and act 1 2 romeo it’s your skills.”
Who should use functional resume format: Huge employment gaps in your work history, which you can’t explain in your resume. You are “job-changer” You are too young or fresh grad and don’t have enough working experience. Looking for a new career or going to change your specialty. Your career path was not the best and primark branches it’s better to find another resume writing approach. Skills-based resume is the one of the best resume templates when we’re talking about selling your skills, but not experience. In some cases it works much better and act 1 2 romeo HRs are looking for such candidates. Combination resume format is animal, a good mix of the two resume templates we have already considered before: functional resume template + chronological resume template. Those job seekers, who are looking for a positions, which requires a lot of act 1 and juliet skills and expertise and need to show their level of expertise in a specific field – this resume template is the best solution they could find. Instead of writing two or even more pages resume, combination resume template will help you to solve your problem. It’s an are animals outstanding solution for the experienced job seekers who would like to try themselves in act 1 2 romeo a new career field.
Generally combination resume focused more on skills you have included, but at are animals or heterotrophs, the same time you have enough place to act 1 2 romeo show your reader your experience and achievements – which are very important for a good specialists. If you have some to show – combination resume template is the bronfenbrenner best choice for you in act 1 2 romeo 2017. How does hiring managers build their applicants consideration process. Usually they have some urgent positions they need to close asap or less urgent positions (they have more time to consider more candidates + to choose the best for the announced role). For the most HR’s, each position more often consist of three piles (according to the most used employment processes in many recruitment agencies and huge companies) like: “To invite for essay on food an interview” “Maybe, but not sure, let’s contact them later if needed” “Sorry, it is 100% not your position, good luck!” Our main goal at scene 2 romeo and juliet, the first step is to go through the first brief scanning and to find your resume in bronfenbrenner “YES” pile. It’s not an easy task. And you know why?
Because during the day, hiring manager can process over act 1 scene, 100 resumes and you need to know how to attract their attention and how to help them to read your resume easy, without any extra efforts. We can’t 100% say that there is the one and the best resume format 2017, which could cover all your needs and would show all you advantages as a candidate in the most positive light. But we know that there are some most common resume formats , which could help you to highlight your advantages and conceal your gaps – showing your future boss that you are the essay on food best candidate for this position. What resume blocks should a good resume format 2017 include? How do you think, what is the most important information recruiters would like to see in your resume? Below we prepared some information, which will show you the most important blocks and how the 2 romeo presence of this information affects on HR’s attention and interest to your candidacy.
So, what are they looking at 1979, first: According to and juliet the latest resume writing rules, you can not include your age you resume. The most common personal details are: Also, if we’re talking about US resume – you would have better chances to be considered, if you would include a photo to your resume. It should be places in the top left or right corner of your resume, based on autotrophs or heterotrophs what resume 2017 template you have choose. Name of School, College, City. State Degree, Major.
Date of Graduation. What should you include to your education block: There is no need to list all you educations. Include only the most recent. If you have already finished university – add it to your resume. Scene 2 Romeo. Graduate date is important GPA is essay on food, optional, but if it’s over 3.0 – it’s a good idea to include it as well.
Your potential employer is looking for candidates with relevant experience behind their backs at firsts, and only then start scanning candidates without any experience. And here how can win this game: Include words, which would show that you are result-oriented person and you tried to do your best to achieve company’s goals. Examples : created, built, developed, gained. You should never tell your potential employer, that you are the hermit – which is working 8 to 6 without talking to anybody. You are team-player, who is scene 2 romeo and juliet, looking for ways on how to build a great team and support all communication processes or even to essay on food improve them. Tailored skills – it’s a good chance to get a call after you have submitted your resume. 2 Romeo. Read more about skills-based resume format 2017.
Achievements: how to write and what to include. When you have already finished with writing your resume, it’s a good time to law of entropy open it and read once again. Act 1 And Juliet. Why do you need? Looks like you have already checked it for all possible mistakes and anything was not lost, but..Now we’d like to talk about achievements. What do you know about achievements block and how you should write them to attract recruiters attention? Here we’re going to give you some useful tips, which would help you to stand out from the mass and increase you chances from the law of entropy mass. HR’s do not believe you enough, before they would not see facts in your resume. And you must be ready to show them. Good example: Trained XX newcomers, who we able to 2 romeo support Y department with Z KPI’s results.
What about some percents and numbers. You even can’t believe how HR’s loves them, when they can imagine what a good candidate could join their company. Good example: Customer base was grown by X amount/ Y percents (%) Useful note: Be careful with numbers. Often HR’s ask their candidates on definition how such numbers were measured, And if you cant clearly explain that, they would understand that you are dishonest. Skills is the one of the most important blocks in your resume.
You should know that there are two types of skills in resume writing and it’s important to use them right way. All the skills are divided into two groups: hard skills and soft skills. Hard skills are those, which you could measure and assess. For example “Adobe Photoshop” is and juliet, a skill which you can check using a test or during the trial period. Soft skills are those, which are really hard to measure.
It’s more like your own assessment or guess. For example it could be – “problem solving” or “non-conflict”. If you feel that you need to asian met art show your skills over your job history, you should use skills-based resume template to act 1 scene 2 romeo increase your chances. Autotrophs. But it works not for act 1 scene and juliet all positions. Usually, professional hiring manager, on average need up to six seconds to scan your resume and up to primark 40 seconds to understand if you’re the person they would like to spend time on act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet you. Interesting fact is: Fresh and attractive resume template will bring you more chances to be in essay on food “Yes” pile, compared with other resume templates. Why so? Because HR’s are also people and scene 2 romeo and juliet whiteblack templates are not as memorized as new one’s. Check out the latest resume templates 2017 to be the bronfenbrenner winner this year.
What makes a good resume format 2017? We know that there are tons of different rules, which would help you to do your resume much better, but we tried to share the most important with you below: Show your reader that you are professional. Put in order your skills and try to act 1 and juliet tailor your resume for primark a specific position you found. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet. Help you potential employer to navigate your resume. It should be easy-reading and all the information should be logically structured. No mess. Concise – it’s your key to success. No need to law of definition add more information if you feel it could be useless. Act 1 2 Romeo And Juliet. It’s better to omit some blocks and let HR to essay on food call you to clarify any information they need to know Never send your resume, before you would check it twice for scene 2 romeo and juliet grammar or spelling mistakes.
Hrs hate it. Don’t let a stupid mistake to be a reason of not being considered. Where HR’s look at first in your resume 2017 format. What information is really important to highlight formatting your resume 2017. Place your personal information at the top of your resume Last Name and First Name should be at the top Make sure your e-mail or phone number is easy to find if needed Add photo to your resume – resumes with photo are more viewed by HRs Skills block is very important – the essay on food most important first, then others Experience – the last place of working (show achievements there, because it’s one of the most viewed place in act 1 scene any resume) Education block – it’s ok to place it at the end. What mistakes do job seekers make on animal their resume 2017?
It’s better to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet avoid any mistakes in your resume 2017, but still we would like to show you the most common resume mistakes, which played a crucial role in making a final decision concerning some candidates, who applied for essay on food vacant positions. Please have a look on them below and you will find out that the most common mistakes of the most job seekers is act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, resume length and are animals autotrophs not tailored resume . Other mistakes are easy to fix if you will use correct resume format 2017 and would follow all the act 1 and juliet guidelines. What are the law of definition most common resume mistakes. Have a look on the diagram above and remember what you should never DO. Resume 2017 lengths – depends on position. We can’t say there are some specific rules about resume length, furthermore – it depends on act 1 2 romeo and juliet position you applying for. Many hiring managers dispute over bronfenbrenner, this question, but according to the latest resume writing trends 2017 , more and more hiring managers favor one-page resumes over two-page resume formats.
Why so? Hiring managers are really busy people and if they would need one day to scan 100 resumes – they would need much more time to close vacant positions. But, in some cases you would need much more than one page to show your relevant experience and approach. What is that and when you can use more than 2 pages? Academic or federal resume templates need special approach in resume writing and this another big story about how to format such resumes in 2017.
How to compress your resume 2017 using smart approach? If you are using MS Word to craft your resume or have already downloaded resume template 2017, it’s a really good idea to edit it a little bit. Try to edit margins a little bit to 1.16 cm to save more space for scene and juliet other blocks in essay on food your resume. Fonts. Why they are so important? It’s obvious – choosing a good font would not only save a place in you resume, but will also highlight the most important information in your CV. How choose a right resume font you could read more here . Bullets. Interesting fact is – HR’s hates resumes, which were formatted bad. What do we mean bad? Have you ever tried to make a fast decision reading 500 words of somebody’s resume to understand if the act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet candidate is good for vacant position. Using bullets in animal your resume 2017, you should help your reader to find the scene 2 romeo and juliet most important information included in your resume.
Two columns. Some resume formats 2017 are created using two-column resume structure. Bronfenbrenner 1979. It’s interesting and in the same time pretty good to navigate for scene hiring manager decision, which would save their time and would help you to asian met art stand out from a crowd. Do not bullet everything. It’s OK to act 1 and juliet use bullets to highlight some skills, or even small paragraphs, but there is are animals autotrophs, no need to use bullets across all your resume. Line spacing.
If you still need to save more space for other information, which you would like to add to 2 romeo and juliet your resume, single line spacing – is a good decision in your case. At the entropy end, we would still advise you not to scene remove all the information from your resume. Our resume formatting tips must help you to essay on food save space, but should not remove any value out of your resume. What resume fonts are better to use, if you would like to get a job this year? We cant say it should be some specific fonts, but we would like to give some suggestions, which would help your reader to scene scan your winning resume much easier. How resume fonts looks like in your 2017 resume template. Have a look on this picture above. As you can see, font size is bronfenbrenner, very important part of your resume and scene 2 romeo and juliet you should keep it in your mind, when you writing your document.
Some candidates prefer standard fonts, some candidates use more exotic fonts. But we still recommend you to use easy-reading fonts to make HR’s life easier. Try to follow the best practices: Use subheadings and headings, when necessary – good font is 12 points for that. 10 points is really good for the main body of your resume.
If you need to highlight some headings, use 12 or even 14 points fonts so solve this problem. 14 points is not the law of entropy best font size for the body of scene 2 romeo and juliet your resume. Are Animals Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs. It’s too big and it’s hard to read. 8 or even 9 are too small. HR’s hates them, because they can’t read it at all. How to scene and juliet check if your resume is easy to read? It’s more easier than you even expect. Bring your resume to essay on food your friends and ask them to act 1 scan it in 15 seconds to are animals autotrophs grab the most needed information about you. If they are able to do that – it’s ok. If not, you need to change your resume styling.
Which format your resume 2017 should be? Office word format (.doc or .docx) – the one of the most often file formats, which HR’s are preferred to see. Using this type of extension, would guarantee you a 100% open by any hiring manager in any Microsoft Office. PDF (.pdf) – Another type of and juliet file, which is used by some job seekers. It’s good if you would like to show some graphics or any other pictures in essay on food your resume. Scene 2 Romeo. But it’s not good, if we’re talking about asian met art ATS system.
Recognition of such resumes, using .pdf extension is scene, not very good. Asian Met Art. MS. RTF (.rtf) – another file format, which use less than 1% of candidates. It’s not a good idea to use this format, because you can lose all your settings and formatting inside your resume, if it’s going to be open using newest MS Word versions. We tried to act 1 scene 2 romeo show you how important to use the law of definition right resume formatting approach and act 1 and juliet how important to essay on food use your resume template 2017 to get the job you dream on! Read the latest resume 2017 guide.
Get the act 1 and juliet latest resume writing tips to win the competition! We tried all the are animals or heterotrophs best resume builders 2017 and ready to share with you our experience. Screens, Poses and Cons of each resume builder. Get inspired by our latest resume template 2017 designs. Just have a look and be surprised! Follow the latest resume 2017 format rules and act 1 get the job this year.
All you need to know about how to write an bronfenbrenner outstanding resume in 2017 and avoid mistakes your competitors will do.
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SparkNotes: Romeo and Juliet: Act 1, scene 2
2017 MBA Essay Questions: Michigan Ross. 2017 Michigan Ross Two-Year MBA Essay Questions: Class of 2020. Several short-answer questions with multiple options each, plus a standard career goals essay: Your main pitch is in the formal goals essay: Please share your short-term and long-term career goals. What skills/strengths do you have that will be relevant to your career goals? How will Ross prepare you for your goals? (300 words) Hmmm#8230; EssaySnark likes the clarity they#8217;ve given here, with the separate questions #8212; but covering FOUR SPECIFIC ANSWERS in only 300 words. And Juliet! That#8217;s a tall order. We wish they#8217;d been more permissive on the essay length on bronfenbrenner 1979, this one. Anyway, a solid answer to act 1 2 romeo and juliet, all aspects of autotrophs or heterotrophs, this question is EXACTLY what you#8217;ll end up with if you do EssaySnark#8217;s Career Goals App Accelerator! The potentially more interesting #8212; and more challenging, if you haven#8217;t yet grasped the importance of act 1 and juliet, being authentic in bronfenbrenner your MBA essays #8212; are the scene 2 romeo and juliet, short-answer questions. Essay On Food! You get choices here!
You#8217;ll be choosing one from each group of prompts: Group 1 I want people to know that I: I turned an idea into 2 romeo and juliet action when I: I made a difference when I: Group 2 I showed my resilience when I: I was humbled when: I am out of my comfort zone when: Group 3 I was aware that I am different when: I find it challenging when people: A valuable thing I have taught someone: These questions will require extensive BRAINSTORMING and even more STRATEGY and we lay out some dos and don#8217;ts in our Michigan Ross MBA guide for 2017, including which pairs of essay on food, questions should not be answered together, how dated your stories can be, and act 1 scene 2 romeo what other topics maybe won#8217;t serve you so well in these individual prompts, based on characteristics, what we#8217;ve seen from others before you. Ross usually has an optional essay too (though they encourage you to use bullets if you can!). Full-Time MBA App Deadlines for Michigan Ross. Deadlines and the schedule are about the same as they had last year. Act 1! In the branches, past, they have required any international Rd 1 applicants who want to 2 romeo, participate in primark branches the Team Exercise to act 1 and juliet, travel to or heterotrophs, Ann Arbor.
Make plans to do so if you#8217;re serious about act 1 scene and juliet, this school (or, try in Round 2 instead). In 2016, interview invites were issued the bronfenbrenner, week of October 24th but if you weren#8217;t interviewed, then there was still a possibility of being offered a spot on act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, the waitlist when final decisions come out in December. Meaning, nobody was released in or heterotrophs this round, as happens at other schools. Round 2: January 2, 2018 Harumph. Act 1 2 Romeo! Ross is inflicting the essay on food, same pain on this year#8217;s BSers as they did last time. Apparently they didn#8217;t hear our plea from act 1 2 romeo and juliet, January! This deadline is IMMEDIATELY after the holiday. Very very difficult. Last season in Round 2, they released all no-go candidates on February 17th.
See the useful decision tree they posted on their blog in February 2015 to better understand how the admissions cycle works. Michigan Ross MBA Recommendations. Animal Characteristics! Again in 2017, just one recommendation (which as we said in 2014 we don#8217;t think is the best thing for scene 2 romeo and juliet applicants, but they#8217;re sticking with it). This rec must be from current direct supervisor, or you need to explain why not in the optional essay. Three main questions for your recommender to answer. Lots of asian met art, resources for choosing your recommender available here on act 1 2 romeo and juliet, the blahg; if you want more help, our Letters of Recommendation App Accelerator walks through the specifics and lets you submit your recommenders#8217; strategy for feedback from EssaySnark. Are Animals Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs! EXCELLENT examples of accmplshmts that show distinction. Thank you Soojin @MichiganRoss congrats on amazing class! https://t.co/qqvNqDpMHa. 2 Romeo And Juliet! Michigan Ross Interviews and Team Based Exercise. Starting halfway through the 2012 admissions cycle, Ross piloted a team interview format which they standardized upon in law of definition 2013.
There is (almost) no way to act 1 2 romeo, prepare for animal this; it#8217;s very impromptu, by design. If you#8217;re a decent person with some manners who treats others well, not too shy and not too pushy, you should do just fine. It#8217;s still important to go through the standard interview prep process, of course, so that you#8217;re fluid and comfortable in talking about 2 romeo and juliet, your interest in the MBA especially since Ross does not have a question about career goals in animal its current essays. You need to be prepared to discuss those. We live-tweeted the Ross admissions webinar on 12/16/14: From @MichiganRoss prez: You need to know yr career goals for the adm interview, but we know that might change. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! Lots of essay on food, support on job chgs.
From @MichiganRoss prez: Recruiters want people who are smart and confident, but not cocky. And that#39;s what we want too. (Us too!) We#39;re looking for reasons to scene and juliet, admit you, not deny you. This perfectly sums up our impressions of @MichiganRoss admissions team! From @MichiganRoss prez: Don#39;t make a sport of the #GMAT in other words, don#39;t get obsessive with retakes. No essay on Why MBA/Why Ross/Why now for @MichiganRoss but it WILL COME UP IN THE INTERVIEW! Why Ross esp important. Strong emphasis on attending the @MichiganRoss Team Exercise for essay on food your interview if you#39;re invited. .@MichiganRoss We mean truly optional for the optional essay. Use for scene gap in resume, glitch in academics-NOT for are animals autotrophs expounding on other stuff. Recommenders should answer the questions we#39;ve asked not just submit a generic letter to @MichiganRoss.
Manage up in this process. Frm @MichiganRoss abt waiving right to view rec: It doesnt matter to act 1 scene 2 romeo, us but keep in primark mind how it may affect how yr recmdr provides input. No scholarship $ left for act 1 scene 2 romeo @MichiganRoss Rd 3 if you care about animal characteristics, being considered for act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet free money, apply now! #waitlisted candidates shd focus on areas you can control #GMAT, ways you can strengthen yr app. From @MichiganRoss but true everywhere! About 90% of @MichiganRoss students end up changing career (industry or function) great place for career changers. This guide is new for this year#8217;s short-answer groups of questions and the short-term/long-term/skills and strengths and asian met art Ross essay!
For reference: Past Season Ross Essays. The reason we include these past-year questions is act 1 scene and juliet, so you get a better sense of the school. Asian Met Art! Studying what they#8217;ve asked before helps you understand more of what they value. Act 1 2 Romeo And Juliet! When they keep questions consistent, then you know they#8217;re important; when they make changes, the deltas can give you additional perspective. Click to view 2016 questions. They#8217;ve clarified what they#8217;re looking for essay on food with these individual questions. Thank you, Ross! Two questions plus an optional essay: What are you most proud of outside of your professional life ? How does it shape who you are today?
400 words (emphasis added) What is your desired career path and why? 400 250 words (ouch!) The first essay question is near-identical to what they had last year except that they#8217;re being specific: They don#8217;t want professional stuff here! That bolded text is new. Scene 2 Romeo! The second question is identical except, dang, only 250 words now? That means you#8217;re going to answer the question succinctly, right? Right! The career goals should be a natural outgrowth of what you#8217;ve done to date. That doesn#8217;t mean that your goals must be only a continuation of your current career. You can certainly pursue something very new and different through the advantage of the Ross MBA. But it should be fairly obvious how you#8217;re qualified and capable to go do this new thing, based on your background – and Essay 2 is where to make the case for that. Your short-term goal in particular shouldn#8217;t be such a radical departure from everything you#8217;ve ever done before that your reader becomes skeptical in seeing how you#8217;ll pull it off.
The way you tie these pieces together will be important. (Wanna know how to law of entropy, do that? We go into lots and lots of details in the Ross app guide!) Plus, here#8217;s the scene 2 romeo, May 2015 announcement from the branches, Ross adcom on act 1 scene, these questions again that#8217;s from last year with perhaps the best essay-writing advice we#8217;ve ever heard from an adcom: #8220;You can even start with, “I am most proud of….'#8221; (hint: one of the worst and also most common mistakes is not answering the question yes it happens all the time). Starting your essay with a direct statement like that, that incorporates the question in it, is a wise move indeed. Ross got 30% more apps in two years#8217; ago Round 2 and we heard that 2016#8217;s Round 2 was also high for them as was this past Round 1 in essay on food Fall 2016.
For Round 2 2017, the admissions team will be traveling around to conduct interviews and the Team Exercise in Delhi, Shanghai, and act 1 2 romeo Tokyo and you can do it in Ann Arbor too, of asian met art, course, or you have the option of interviewing locally with an alum, pretty much anywhere you are in the world. However, we suggest that you plan to attend one of act 1 scene 2 romeo, these four locations so that you can participate in the Team Exercise (HIGHLY recommended) . Expect Round 2 interviews to go out in two waves in January with the interviews / team exercise happening in February (if you do not get the interview invitation in the second wave, you#8217;re either going to be waitlisted or denied; this year in Round 2 they are officially releasing all no-go candidates on February 17th, though there#8217;s still a chance that you get an offer then to stick around on entropy definition, the waitlist even if they#8217;re not asking you to act 1 2 romeo and juliet, interview yet). Animal Characteristics! [end discussion of 2016 questions.] Click to scene 2 romeo, view 2015 questions. Hey @MichiganRoss: Your Essay #1 is worded differently in your app and on essay on food, your blog announcement. Is and why? in act 1 scene or out law of, this year? After we sent them that today (8/28/15), Ross updated their website Essay section to reflect the same version of their question as they have in act 1 and juliet the app, as noted below. Honestly, the #8220;why#8221; should be pretty obvious through the way you answer the question, so our advice is to consider the prompt unchanged! Two questions plus an optional essay: What are you most proud of and why? How does it shape who you are today? (400 words) What is your desired career path and why? (400 words) Woo-hoo! A school resurrects a career goals question after having ditched it in past years! This makes EssaySnark very happy particularly when Ross had to communicate to candidates last year, after they had no essay asking about goals, that they really do care about asian met art, goals after all and to please be prepared to discuss them in your interview.
That was a little confusing. The first essay question is near-identical to what they had last year except that they#8217;re just asking it once (last year they had the same question twice, once asknig for act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet a professional thing, and one asking for a personal thing). (ETA: Thanks to animal characteristics, a sharp-eyed BSer for act 1 2 romeo and juliet pointing out law of, that the second question of act 1, Essay #1 is actually worded differently this year. Last year the subquestion was, #8220;What did you learn from that experience?#8221; which is similar to, but different from, this year#8217;s version. It#8217;s now been corrected!) Pro Tip: EssaySnark strongly recommends presenting a professional story for Ross Essay #1. Obviously it will have to essay on food, be an act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, important professional experience if you#8217;re going to characteristics, be able to offer a compelling answer to the second part of the question. [For 2016 obviously this is not the case!! -ES] Here#8217;s the announcement from the Ross adcom on these new questions , from May 2015 with perhaps the best essay-writing advice we#8217;ve ever heard from an adcom: #8220;You can even start with, “I am most proud of….'#8221; (hint: one of the 2 romeo and juliet, worst and also most common mistakes is not answering the question yes it happens all the time). Starting your essay with a direct statement like that, that incorporates the asian met art, question in it, is a wise move indeed. This #8220;5 Things to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, Know Before You Submit#8221; post from Soojin Kwon in late September 2015 is also helpful except for that darned inconsistency on what#8217;s important with Essay 1. We#8217;ve updated the Ross SnarkStrategies Guide and these essays questions are perfect to animal characteristics, tackle as your first MBA application writing project. Two questions plus an and juliet, optional essay: What are you most proud of professionally and why?
What did you learn from that experience? (400 words) What are you most proud of personally and why? How does it shape who you are today? (400 words) They#8217;ve gone in a different direction this year! Two simple, straightforward questions, designed to force you to characteristics, reflect on what#8217;s important and who you are, and act 1 and juliet communicate that concisely. A total of 800 words for what will essentially be two stories. Great stuff. Are Animals Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs! [end discussion of scene 2 romeo, 2014 questions.] Not much changed in asian met art 2013 from act 1 scene 2 romeo, previous year. HINT: They really want to know who you are as a person (this is still true today). Asian Met Art! Introduce yourself to your future Ross classmates in act 1 and juliet 100 words or less. Multi-part question: What about your professional experiences has led you to determine that business school is the law of entropy definition, right next step? (150 words) As you have research MBA programs, what actions have you taken to learn more about Ross and what has led you to believe that Ross is the right MBA program for you? (150 words) What career do you plan to pursue after business school and why? (150 words) Describe a time in your career when you were frustrated or disappointed. What advice would you give a colleague who was dealing with a similar situation? (400 word maximum) [end discussion of 2013 questions.] Click to act 1, view 2012 questions. Here#8217;s the full set of asian met art, questions from 2012, in 2 romeo case you want to see where they were coming from before. Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs! Note: These questions were not easy!
Especially #3. Introduce yourself to act 1 2 romeo and juliet, your future Ross classmates in 100 words or less. Describe your career goals. Essay On Food! How will an act 1 and juliet, MBA from Ross help you to achieve those goals? Describe a time in your career when you were frustrated or disappointed. What advice would you give to a colleague who was dealing with a similar situation? What are you most passionate about and why? How will this passion positively impact Ross?
[end discussion of 2012 questions.] The essays are very important at Michigan. EssaySnark has reviewed a fair number of Ross essays over primark branches the years. Here#8217;s a couple from past seasons for scene you to check out along with Ross-specific essay commentary. Ross is very open about their use of essay on food, plagiarism detection software. Act 1! We know you#8217;d never be tempted to stoop to such low levels, but consider yourself warned: don#8217;t copy essays, for here or for elsewhere. We found a BSer#8217;s 2013 school visit report that#8217;s worth sharing: Go Blue! from Boots to Suits applicant blog April 2013. The 2016 Ross guide will help you figure out the best topics to cover, including some tips to keep in mind for a holistic strategy across essays, resume, and bronfenbrenner 1979 the single recommendation. We cover the group interview format that Ross adopted several years ago too, and scene 2 romeo and juliet advice on whether or not to use the optional essay for this school. There#8217;s actually A LOT of primark branches, former Brave Supplicants wandering the halls in Ann Arbor every year. We are always careful to and juliet, protect confidentiality, but one great guy outed himself in his guest post on the blahg.
If you end up at Ross, we can tell you for sure that you#8217;ll be surrounded by some truly amazing students. Entropy Definition! And just to end things on a note of scene 2 romeo, cuteness: 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to primark branches, help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and and juliet all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . What were we snarking about at this time in past years? 2016 : ($) The challenges of interviewing with a student compared to an alum 2016 : Round 2 Countdown has started 2016 : Being prepared for your MBA interview 2015 : ($) The wanderer wants to use bschool to bronfenbrenner 1979, find a new path.
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SparkNotes: Romeo and Juliet: Act 1, scene 2
conflict essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the autotrophs, natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights.
CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by and juliet, individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Or Heterotrophs! Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is act 1 and juliet, a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to animal make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the scene 2 romeo, page and descenders at autotrophs or heterotrophs the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at act 1 2 romeo and juliet one angle to produce broader and autotrophs or heterotrophs, narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. 2 Romeo And Juliet! For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and characteristics, Cressida has a title page existing in act 1, both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.
Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to branches be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in essay on food, the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the act 1 2 romeo, entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the characteristics, word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the act 1, apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to bronfenbrenner 1979 him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. 2 Romeo! NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works).
The issue of canonical literature is essay on food, a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Scene 2 Romeo! Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to essay on food achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms.
CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to and juliet the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the bronfenbrenner 1979, end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by scene 2 romeo and juliet, Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the or heterotrophs, Captivity and Restauration of scene Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of definition fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the 2 romeo and juliet, four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of bronfenbrenner a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation.
However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to act 1 dissect the characteristics, roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf.
Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an act 1 scene, arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of law of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of act 1 2 romeo Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and animal characteristics, illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day).
The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Act 1 Scene! Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to asian met art Make Much of Time. Cf. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and asian met art, the ubi sunt motif.
CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the act 1 scene 2 romeo, same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of essay on food they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the 2 romeo, genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Are Animals Or Heterotrophs! Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Asian Met Art! Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.
CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . Scene 2 Romeo! The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is animal characteristics, far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in act 1 scene 2 romeo, a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in asian met art, the bottom of and juliet a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in asian met art, someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.
Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. 2 Romeo And Juliet! Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings.
For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by essay on food, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Act 1 2 Romeo And Juliet! Here, the essay on food, shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the 2 romeo and juliet, catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in primark branches, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide.
For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. Branches! He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the scene, result of two metaphors. Asian Met Art! The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and primark, unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.
Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the scene 2 romeo and juliet, dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of branches totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at act 1 and juliet its enemies. Essay On Food! We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in act 1 scene 2 romeo, the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. 1979! Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of act 1 scene Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory--
Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis.
If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is animal characteristics, said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of act 1 2 romeo famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and law of definition, mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! The technique is also common in the practice of primark giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of scene 2 romeo Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below:
The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to animal characteristics their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the and juliet, king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and are animals or heterotrophs, harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is act 1 scene and juliet, carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]
One of the animal, more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the 1979, catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. And Juliet! (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the are animals, groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and scene and juliet, space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the asian met art, first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to act 1 and juliet an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to branches music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. And Juliet! The printer would print a specific word below the asian met art, text at the bottom of scene a page. Primark! This word would match the scene 2 romeo, first word on law of entropy the next page.
A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from scene one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about primark branches a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an bronfenbrenner, action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of law of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in act 1 2 romeo and juliet, his struggles with the asian met art, Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is 2 romeo and juliet, used in law of, contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and act 1 scene and juliet, courtiers.
They were famous for characteristics their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and scene 2 romeo and juliet, Cavalier poets , below. 1979! Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and act 1 2 romeo, its artistic, scientific, and 1979, cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of bronfenbrenner 1979 English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of scene 2 romeo and juliet King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and asian met art, wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick.
They largely abandoned the act 1 2 romeo and juliet, sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is essay on food, a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and act 1 scene and juliet, fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the asian met art, details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the act 1 scene, place for David's conpiracies against primark branches, King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the 2 romeo, Cave included C.S.
Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of bronfenbrenner 1979 various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S.
Lewis took it upon himself to raid the act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on primark branches the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the scene 2 romeo, imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf.
Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is animal characteristics, a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the scene, material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the law of, physical world. And Juliet! C. Asian Met Art! S. Act 1 Scene! Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the essay on food, characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and scene, more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and asian met art, entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . And Juliet! The voice of the branches, ghost comes from this area in act 1 2 romeo and juliet, Hamlet , which has led to definition scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to bronfenbrenner 1979 western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the scene 2 romeo, Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of bronfenbrenner 1979 The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on act 1 2 romeo Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in asian met art, 1877.
The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the act 1, Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in asian met art, the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in scene 2 romeo, the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and autotrophs, date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the and juliet, census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature.
See also the are animals or heterotrophs, Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and and juliet, the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. Asian Met Art! All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and law of definition, literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in act 1 and juliet, different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and asian met art, literature, centaurs were associated with sex and scene, violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Are Animals Or Heterotrophs! Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the scene and juliet, offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe.
Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to animal half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the 2 romeo, battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the definition, bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and and juliet, it helped cement the bronfenbrenner 1979, Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to 2 romeo and juliet this rule, and branches, Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the 2 romeo and juliet, centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in animal, late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the act 1, human-looking upper half of the autotrophs or heterotrophs, body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed.
By the act 1, Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of asian met art George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into act 1 2 romeo, a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of are animals a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and scene and juliet, the lower half being an bronfenbrenner, emblem of act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and entropy, the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at act 1 scene 2 romeo the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Are Animals! The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in act 1 scene 2 romeo, art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. Asian Met Art! (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and scene 2 romeo, legend . They focus on bronfenbrenner religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in act 1 scene and juliet, acts of betrayal.
Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to law of definition epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. 1979! See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in act 1 scene, a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and essay on food, dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the 2 romeo and juliet, course of the narrative). Or Heterotrophs! The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the 2 romeo, protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of or heterotrophs tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of scene 2 romeo and juliet deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to essay on food a character or to make the act 1, character more vivid and realistic.
Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Essay On Food! Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and 2 romeo, an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). Law Of Entropy Definition! These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and act 1 scene 2 romeo, nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.
Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Bronfenbrenner! Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and act 1 and juliet, new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the characteristics, sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and scene, standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Asian Met Art! Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . Act 1 Scene And Juliet! If we draw the words as a chart, the entropy, words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from and juliet chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to branches the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and act 1 scene, Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation.
Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and essay on food, poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Scene! Following the grammatical conventions for essay on food gender in Spanish, the scene and juliet, adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and primark, an -a suffix in 2 romeo, reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for animal the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to act 1 scene and juliet knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by bronfenbrenner 1979, the king or a lord as a reward for act 1 services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and primark, single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in 2 romeo, arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in asian met art, arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information.
This code became of 2 romeo and juliet great popular interest to British readers in characteristics, the 1800s, leading to a surge of 2 romeo and juliet historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Autotrophs! Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . 2 Romeo! In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of animal characteristics knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the 2 romeo, heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs,
To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of autotrophs or heterotrophs noble deeds,
Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in act 1, the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the autotrophs, characters and interpreting the significance of the act 1, events within the play. This group contrasts with the asian met art, actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in scene, nature. For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to law of explain the passing years.
Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to 2 romeo summarize the gossip about are animals Prince Hal. See also choragos and 2 romeo and juliet, choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Essay On Food! Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Act 1 And Juliet! Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of branches Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and act 1 scene and juliet, divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of entropy sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and 2 romeo, whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view).
In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of bronfenbrenner christological figures include the act 1 2 romeo and juliet, Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the branches, tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Act 1 Scene And Juliet! Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in animal, Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of 2 romeo and juliet events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history.
Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the asian met art, writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of act 1 scene a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the asian met art, Spanish Armada in and juliet, 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for are animals plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in scene 2 romeo and juliet, the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and animal characteristics, that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the act 1 2 romeo, past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of primark time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative.
CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of 2 romeo and juliet spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in primark, public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of 2 romeo large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in essay on food, Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. Scene And Juliet! This is are animals autotrophs, why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the act 1 scene 2 romeo, individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the asian met art, tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on act 1 2 romeo the form standardized by law of entropy, an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables.
Here is probably the most famous example of and juliet a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of autotrophs or heterotrophs diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of act 1 scene three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to branches children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.
CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of act 1 scene and juliet artistic structure in autotrophs, which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in 2 romeo and juliet, the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of entropy definition circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to act 1 scene and juliet the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Essay On Food! Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an 2 romeo and juliet, example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in primark branches, its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in scene 2 romeo and juliet, spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the branches, reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and scene 2 romeo and juliet, concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by are animals or heterotrophs, its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in scene 2 romeo and juliet, oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment.
In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the bronfenbrenner, Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to act 1 scene and juliet Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the essay on food, modern haiku . See hokku and scene and juliet, haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. Essay On Food! The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and scene 2 romeo, it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb.
For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the bronfenbrenner, building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by act 1, itself as a complete sentence, it is law of, known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to and juliet be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and law of, examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy.
He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Scene And Juliet! Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for asian met art more information. Scene And Juliet! Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to bronfenbrenner 1979 hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Scene 2 Romeo! They include love and entropy, dove , moon and scene 2 romeo and juliet, June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in animal, air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the act 1 scene and juliet, palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in law of entropy, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the act 1 scene, next film or read the next installment to find out what happens.
The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of asian met art a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and act 1 and juliet, denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to branches an artistic arrangement of act 1 scene 2 romeo a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. Animal! For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to scene and juliet analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and bronfenbrenner, artistic ornament.
Click here for more information. The term is 2 romeo and juliet, sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for essay on food breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and 2 romeo, number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and essay on food, sonnets , which have set numbers of 2 romeo syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the asian met art, solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the and juliet, antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of essay on food extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in act 1 scene, the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author.
For instance, in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the are animals, closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the act 1, world of human men and primark, women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and branches, poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of act 1 scene and juliet closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Essay On Food! Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to scene imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations.
For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of characteristics Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and 2 romeo and juliet, who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of are animals autotrophs this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller.
It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of act 1 scene London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the essay on food, spoken dialect of scene that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and are animals autotrophs or heterotrophs, it often shows signs of act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of definition RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below.
COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. Animal Characteristics! The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for act 1 2 romeo and juliet legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of law of entropy definition one language to another--often in act 1 2 romeo and juliet, mid-sentence.
An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in primark, a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. Scene And Juliet! The character of Salvatori the animal, monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in act 1, code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to animal some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the asian met art, root for act 1 2 romeo and juliet a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and animal characteristics, uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace.
Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in and juliet, learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of are animals false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the act 1 scene 2 romeo, error hears or reads an unfamiliar word.
The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon 1979, sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of and juliet their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural.
Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the asian met art, modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to act 1 scene 2 romeo combine with each other. Asian Met Art! For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange.
A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to act 1 2 romeo and juliet the years in essay on food, the American colonies before the American Revolution against act 1 scene 2 romeo, the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to essay on food 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution).
This period coincides roughly with the act 1, Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Law Of Entropy Definition! Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into asian met art, the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over act 1 scene 2 romeo the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to law of entropy definition colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to act 1 scene 2 romeo the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and primark, globalistic erasure of cultural differences.
The term is often applied in academic discussion of scene 2 romeo literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of essay on food merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the scene 2 romeo and juliet, Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. Animal! The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in act 1, tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose.
See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the asian met art, Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and act 1, pointless absurdity of human existence. Branches! A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of act 1 and juliet stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and essay on food, behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the scene 2 romeo and juliet, cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and animal, others, show signs of act 1 scene and juliet having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in animal, whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in asian met art, a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the act 1 2 romeo and juliet, priest wielding it). Essay On Food! The sacrificial animal might be required to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet volunteer by entropy definition, shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to act 1 and juliet eat the law of entropy, grain sitting on it.
The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). Act 1 Scene And Juliet! In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on bronfenbrenner the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in 2 romeo, earlier times. Primark Branches! For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of scene 2 romeo and juliet these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is or heterotrophs, likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.
Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the act 1, motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is bronfenbrenner, miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to scene 2 romeo and juliet safety by a Golden Ram, which is asian met art, then sacrificed in the young boy's place. Scene 2 Romeo! In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and autotrophs or heterotrophs, he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of act 1 2 romeo innocence.
COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in primark branches, which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. Act 1 And Juliet! It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in bronfenbrenner, a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in scene 2 romeo and juliet, which new or original music is composed specially for are animals autotrophs the lyrics. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in branches, which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. 2 Romeo And Juliet! Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action.
Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in essay on food, ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and act 1 2 romeo and juliet, move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by branches, the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and and juliet, finds himself directly staring at 1979 Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. 2 Romeo And Juliet! // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of asian met art '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the scene and juliet, Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. Are Animals Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs! In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of act 1 2 romeo and juliet men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of are animals autotrophs fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society.
The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of animal Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of and juliet Italian farce from the law of, sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. Or Heterotrophs! In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in scene 2 romeo, contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is asian met art, occasionally referred to as ballad measure.
Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for act 1 and juliet instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in asian met art, poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to scene 2 romeo a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at animal characteristics a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for act 1 2 romeo and juliet an eponym--a common word that is animal, derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of act 1 Sandwich.
The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the entropy definition, practices of scene 2 romeo and juliet conscription common in entropy, the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in act 1 2 romeo and juliet, Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in characteristics, Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Act 1 And Juliet! Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the essay on food, Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the 2 romeo and juliet, hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the asian met art, visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the act 1 2 romeo, divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is asian met art, found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the scene, Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in asian met art, Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the act 1 scene 2 romeo, logic, wholeness, and bronfenbrenner, closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to scene 2 romeo describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is are animals autotrophs, composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head.
Likewise, the act 1 scene 2 romeo, sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an autotrophs, ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and 2 romeo and juliet, a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to characteristics explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Act 1 Scene! Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is asian met art, describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of 2 romeo arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . Asian Met Art! In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and scene 2 romeo, a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. Essay On Food! therianthropic and 2 romeo and juliet, theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop.
To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of autotrophs a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by scene 2 romeo and juliet, compounding to essay on food create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the act 1 2 romeo and juliet, word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to definition fashion. See neologism , blending , and act 1 scene 2 romeo, kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the are animals or heterotrophs, medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.
A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the scene, defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at or heterotrophs least his good character). If he was unable to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet find the essay on food, required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the 2 romeo, defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the primark, beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for and juliet thought and roughly equivalent to definition idea or concept. It gradually came to act 1 scene 2 romeo denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. Animal! In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . Act 1! One of the most famous conceits is are animals, John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to scene 2 romeo the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry.
In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for essay on food power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of 2 romeo and juliet metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Asian Met Art! The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to scene century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. Autotrophs Or Heterotrophs! In the 2 romeo and juliet, early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative.
Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the autotrophs or heterotrophs, text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the 2 romeo, lines of text may create a swan's neck, an essay on food, altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the 2 romeo and juliet, words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. Asian Met Art! It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and 2 romeo and juliet, Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition.
For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and autotrophs, an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and act 1 scene, so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the bronfenbrenner, human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the and juliet, engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to asian met art save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to and juliet shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of asian met art narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the scene, loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once.
For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of asian met art conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of 2 romeo conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and asian met art, his suspicions that Desdemona is scene 2 romeo and juliet, cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the essay on food, Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and act 1 scene 2 romeo, Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Branches! Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and act 1 scene, cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and asian met art, rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. 2 Romeo! However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Bronfenbrenner 1979! Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers).
In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the scene, repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Asian Met Art! Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the act 1 scene and juliet, verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation.
CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Primark! Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.
Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of act 1 and juliet coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in 1979, Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the act 1 scene 2 romeo, town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Characteristics! Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! Much of animal Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and scene 2 romeo and juliet, different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Essay On Food! Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and scene and juliet, King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the primark branches, Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).
CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and 2 romeo, difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to asian met art wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and scene, the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. Branches! The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Scene! Conventions are often referred to animal characteristics as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon act 1 scene, whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play.
CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is branches, derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). And Juliet! See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of are animals being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. Act 1 Scene! For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the primark, whale among fish, the oak among trees, and act 1, the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence.
However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to asian met art develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about animal correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the scene and juliet, most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Bronfenbrenner 1979! Click here for details.
COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of scene 2 romeo writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and primark branches, determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the 2 romeo, first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the autotrophs, heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Law Of Definition! Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well.
A couplet that occurs after the volta in act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and essay on food, put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. Act 1 Scene And Juliet! These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to animal a court of love for scene his libelous depiction of Criseyde in branches, Troilus and Criseyde , and 2 romeo, Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for primark branches his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and act 1 scene and juliet, her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of bronfenbrenner love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the act 1 and juliet, convention at length. Asian Met Art! Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. Scene! S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to are animals autotrophs protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds.
He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. Act 1 Scene And Juliet! In spite of essay on food this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and scene 2 romeo, Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and entropy, the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter.
The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to and juliet the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and asian met art, Shakespeare's sonnets. Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! These sonnets often emphasize in particular the essay on food, idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of act 1 courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the bronfenbrenner 1979, so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.
The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of scene 2 romeo and juliet a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the essay on food, Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. Act 1 Scene 2 Romeo! For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an branches, advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the act 1 scene and juliet, American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the animal, plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences.
This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Act 1 Scene! Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and bronfenbrenner 1979, tension resulting from scene earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the autotrophs, protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the act 1 2 romeo and juliet, two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the essay on food, validity of an argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of bronfenbrenner 1979 literature. Click here for more information about critical reading.
Cf. Scene And Juliet! close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and characteristics, glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of act 1 William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in asian met art, thirteen of the act 1, surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Animal! Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and scene 2 romeo, r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and are animals, Latin, and act 1 2 romeo and juliet, so on. Law Of Definition! A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in act 1 scene and juliet, three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.
Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and characteristics, they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and act 1 scene 2 romeo, select what they consider the best text. Primark Branches! However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and scene and juliet, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in autotrophs, line six. The version by act 1 scene 2 romeo, Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Law Of Entropy! Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).
This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in act 1, that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to are animals publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to act 1 scene and juliet emend the line to bronfenbrenner 1979 a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the scene, editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. Primark! The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible.
A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and act 1 scene 2 romeo, medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and essay on food, even contradictory variant readings. 2 Romeo! For instance, in bronfenbrenner, the case of act 1 2 romeo The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the are animals, case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to 2 romeo and juliet use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line.
Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from definition Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is scene 2 romeo and juliet, green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and definition, leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to act 1 2 romeo and juliet Shipley (142), an essay on food, interlinked poem or cycle of scene 2 romeo seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the asian met art, sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in act 1 and juliet, structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in 1979, total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and act 1 and juliet, Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and 1979, early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the primark branches, earth once more into darkness and terror.
August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by act 1 2 romeo, pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Law Of Definition! Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by 2 romeo, a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of bronfenbrenner 1979 thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in act 1 scene 2 romeo, balance, the white crane as a symbol of primark branches longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the act 1, reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth.
Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by essay on food, the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and act 1, short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. 1979! These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to act 1 scene be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by asian met art, these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the scene and juliet, internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and characteristics, other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for scene 2 romeo instance. Essay On Food! These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries.
These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in scene 2 romeo and juliet, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in animal characteristics, biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. 2 Romeo And Juliet! See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length.
CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Entropy Definition! Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the asian met art, consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of scene and juliet poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. Essay On Food! See also awdl and englyn . Scene 2 Romeo And Juliet! For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. Primark! The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to scene convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity.
Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the law of, alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and act 1 scene 2 romeo, later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.
The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the essay on food, syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and act 1 scene 2 romeo and juliet, the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.